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What is CBD Oil?


CBD oil is extracted from the hemp plant with its main ingredient being cannabidiol. Hemp seeds have gained much more traction in the consumer market in recent. More research has gone into understanding cannabidiol and as a result, more and more people are starting to realise the many health benefits that this chemical compound has to offer. Other additions are dependent on the specific purpose of using the product. For example, Cannabis Africa’s Pain Gel incorporates Devil’s claw, Arnica, menthol, and other active ingredients to assist with pain relief at specific pain sites. 

First things first, it is important for you to note the difference between hemp and marijuana. Both hemp and marijuana are forms of cannabis, however, for a plant to be classified as a hemp plant, the plant must contain less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Marijuana plants contain more THC and, as you may know, THC is a compound that has psychoactive effects. Because the hemp plant contains less than 0.3% THC, it is considered non-psychoactive. CBD is made from a hemp extraction process and thus does not have the psychoactive effect that most people are wary of. Due to CBD being non-psychoactive, it is well within the threshold set by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA). Cannabidiol has emerged as a popular mode of therapy for a wide range of health conditions ranging from chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy to Alzheimer’s disease, migraine, cancer, and acne [1]. CBD oil, gels, tincture, balms, creams, and edibles are easily accessible online at CBD e-commerce websites, medical dispensaries, and brick-and-mortar CBD shops. There’s a tremendous amount of anecdotal evidence about the difference that CBD is making to the lives of people living with physical and mental health issues. The findings of scientific studies on the health benefits of CBD are encouraging. People generally have an open-minded view of CBD products, which may explain why the CBD sector is the fastest-growing cannabis and hemp industry segment.


How is CBD oil made?

Here is a brief overview of the step-by-step process on how CBD oil is made:

Step 1: Planting the Hemp Plant
Before the hemp seeds are planted, the soil needs to be prepared and tested for any herbicides. Hemp plants can be planted close together, allowing for a greater yield, and much less land is required. Hemp also allows for crop rotation, which means the plant is a resource for regenerative agriculture. Because hemp produces high quantities of biomass, feeding nutrients are returned to the soil.

Step 2: Harvesting the Hemp Plant
Before the official harvesting process can begin, a sample of each plant must be taken and tested to see if regulations are adhered to and whether the plant does have <0.3% THC. Once given the go ahead, harvesting hemp begins with the flowers of the hemp plant. Majority of the cannabinoids are concentrated in the resin glands of the trichome of the plant. Once harvested, plants are cured for 3-4 weeks. Once the plant has dried out, the flowers are removed, and the extraction process can commence.

Step 3: Extracting the CBD from the Dried Hemp Flower
This is the step where the CBD extract is removed from the plant, ready to be turned into a usable form for ingestion or topical application.

Step 4: Creating CBD Oil & Topicals
Once the CBD oil has been successfully extracted from the plant, it can be combined with other ingredients such as carrier oils or flavouring.  Oils such as hemp seed or coconut oil make for excellent carriers for CBD. The natural saturated fat molecules present in these oils allow for optimal absorption when consumed. 

Step 5: Lab Testing and Packaging
Lastly, the end product goes through a final round of tests to ensure quality and thereafter, the packaging process kicks off to prepare for the final sale to the consumer!